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What is a gum disease?

What is Gum disease?

             Gum disease is an infection of gums that supports the teeth. This infection, if left untreated leads to the destruction of surrounding bone which further leads to loss of teeth itself.

Gingivitis is an early stage of gum disease appearing as an infection of the gum line. If left untreated can progress to loss of teeth. 

Causes for gum disease

                   1. The direct cause is plaque, which builds on your teeth due to improper brushing. 

                  2. Plaque soft, sticky, colorless film of bacteria that forms on the teeth gums which are a combination of leftover food particles saliva.

    If the plaque is not removed by daily brushing and flossing, it produces toxins that can irritate the gum tissue, causing gum infection. 

   If gingivitis/gum disease is not treated your condition may progress to periodontal disease/ periodontitis which can lead to tooth or bone loss.

How do you know if you have gum disease?

          1. Swollen and tender gums

         2. Red or bleeding gums during brushing

         3. Gums that recede or move away from tooth exposing the roots

         4. Bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth

         5. Loose teeth

Stages of gum disease –

laser gum treatment      laser gum treatment   Healthy gingiva

laser gum treatment    laser gum treatment     Gingivitis

laser gum treatment    laser gum treatment    Periodontal disease

laser gum treatment    laser gum treatment   Severe periodontal disease


How can you prevent gingivitis –

  • Brush your teeth at least twice daily
  • Use floss or interdental cleaners to clean between your teeth daily
  • Visit your dentist every four to six months for regular checkups and professional cleanings
  • If you are worried about brushing or flossing techniques, our doctors will provide a short demo on how to improve them

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